Jcpoa Agreement Upsc

On the other hand, “the most militant, authoritarian, conservative and anti-Western leaders and groups within Iran are opposed to the agreement.” [349] The anti-agreement coalition in Iran includes former President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, former head of the Iranian Atomic Energy Organization Fereydoon Abbasi, former nuclear negotiator Saeed Jalili; and several conservative revolutionary clerics and commanders of the Revolutionary Guards. [349] This group “attacked the incompetence of the Iranian negotiating team by claiming that negotiators gave in on many key issues and were maneuvered by smarter and more sinister American diplomats.” [349] Another public letter seeking approval of the agreement was signed by a bipartisan group of more than 60 “national security chiefs,” including politicians, retired military officers and diplomats. [227] The letter of July 20, 2015, states: “We congratulate President Obama and all negotiators on a pioneering agreement, unprecedented in its importance to prevent Iran from acquiring nuclear weapons. … We have been following the negotiations closely and have come to the conclusion that the JCPOA is the goal of greater security for us and our partners in the region. [227] [229] Among the Republicans who signed the letter were former Treasury Secretary Paul O`Neill, former U.S. Trade Representative Carla Anderson Hills and former Senator Nancy Landon Kassebaum. [227] Among the Democrats who signed the letter were former Secretary of State Madeleine Albright, former Senate Majority Leaders George J. Mitchell and Tom Daschle, former Senator Carl Levin and former Defense Minister William Perry. [227] [230] Former National Security Advisers Zbigniew Brzezinski and Brent Scowcroft were also signed; Under the secretaries of state of R. Nicholas Burns and Thomas R. Pickering; U.S.

Ambassador Ryan Crocker and Stuart Eizenstat; Admiral Eric T. Olson; Under the leadership of Michele Flournoy, Minister of Defence for Policy; And Deputy Secretary for Non-Proliferation Robert Unicorn. [230] Mick Mulroy, former Assistant Secretary of Defense for the Middle East, said the U.S. Department of Defense was opposed to the withdrawal of the JCPOA because even if it`s not perfect, it`s not the best thing they could expect. He also said that the United States should have maintained the agreement on nuclear activities and submitted another agreement on malicious activities. [401] The agreement is supported by many Iranian dissidents, including the Nobel Peace Prize laureate, human rights activist and exiled Iranian woman Shirin Ebadi, who have called those who rejected the agreement in Iran and America extremists. [349] Dissident journalist and former political prisoner Akbar Ganji also expressed his hope: “Step by step, nuclear agreements, the lifting of economic sanctions and improved relations between Iran and Western powers will gradually eliminate Iran`s belligerent and securitized environment.” [349] Recalling the human rights situation in Iran and the “lack of religious and political freedom in the country”, some dissidents rejected the agreement, including Ahmad Batebi, Nazanin Afshin-Jam and Roozbeh Farapourhani, who signed an open letter in which they said that “more pressure must be exerted on the regime, no less”. [357] Foreign diplomats also participated in the congressional debate. Israel`s Ambassador to the United States Ron Dermer appeared on cable television to attack the agreement, while ambassadors from European nations, including Sir Peter Westmacott, the British ambassador to the United States, “said exactly the opposite.” [244] Dermer also opposed the agreement by congressional participants at Capitol Hill,[245] while French, British and German diplomats traveled to Capitol Hill to commit to the agreement. [246] On August 4, diplomats from the P5-1 held “a rare meeting of the emissaries of world powers on Capitol Hill” with about 30 Democrats in the Senate to demand support for the agreement, saying, “If Congress rejects this good agreement, and the United States.

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